Umrah (ﻋﻤﺮﻩ) ialah menziarahi Baitullah di Makkah dan melakukan ihram, tawaf, sa’i dan bertahallul mengikut tertib.
Umrah adalah fardhu seperti Haji. Ini adalah pendapat al-Imam as-Syafie r.a. yang al-Azhar. Ijmak Ulama mengatakan bahawa hanya wajib dilakukan sekali sepanjang hayat bagi orang yang mampu kecuali orang yang bernazar, maka dia wajib memenuhi nazarnya.
Dalil daripada al-Quran ialah firman Allah Taala: Dan sempurnakanlah ibadat Haji dan Umrah kerana Allah (Al-Baqarah 196).
Sabda Nabi yang diriwayatkan Ibnu Majah, Al-Baihaqi dan sanad yang sahih daripada Aisyah r.a. katanya:
Aku berkata : “Wahai Rasullah,apakah wanita wajib berjihad?”. Sabda Baginda: “Ya, jihad yang tiada peperangan padanya iaitu haji dan umrah”.
Niat Ihram, Tawaf dan Sa’i tidak boleh dilakukan di mana-mana tempat lain melainkan di tempat yang ditetapkan. Iaitu niat ihram di Miqat, tawaf 7 pusingan mengelilingi Kaabah di dalam Masjidil Haram dan bersa’i 7 kali bermula di bukit Safa dan berakhir di bukit Marwah. Terakhir sekali bertahallul iaitu bercukur atau mengunting rambut sekurang-kurangnya 3 helai selepas itu, segala larangan dalam Ihram menjadi halal sepertimana sebelum beliau berihram.
Beza Umrah dengan Haji ialah Umrah boleh dilaksanakan sepanjang tahun tetapi Haji hanya boleh dilakukan pada bulan haji sahaja, dan hari kemuncaknya ialah pada hari Tasyrik 9, 10, 11, 12 di mana jemaah berkumpul di Padang Arafah dan Mina.
Pada zaman sekarang Kerajaan Arab Saudi menetapkan mana jemaah umrah mestilah mengikut muassasah umrah dan memohon visa umrah melalui agensi umrah. Tiada lagi permohonan Visa umrah dapat dilakukan di Kedutaan Arab Saudi secara individu.
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Starbucks Corporation is an American espresso organization and café chain. Starbucks was established in Seattle, Washington in 1971. Starting at 2018, the organization works 28,218 areas around the world.
Starbucks is viewed as the fundamental agent of “second wave espresso”, at first separating itself from other espresso serving scenes in the US by taste, quality, and client experience while promoting hazily simmered espresso. Since the 2000s, third wave espresso producers have focused on quality-disapproved of espresso consumers with hand-made espresso dependent on lighter dishes, while Starbucks these days utilizes mechanized coffee machines for productivity and wellbeing reasons.
Starbucks areas serve hot and cold beverages, entire bean espresso, microground moment espresso known as VIA, coffee, caffe latte, full-and free leaf teas including Teavana tea items, Evolution Fresh squeezes, Frappuccino drinks, La Boulange baked goods, and bites including things, for example, chips and wafers; a few contributions (counting their yearly fall dispatch of the Pumpkin Spice Latte) are occasional or explicit to the territory of the store. Numerous stores sell pre-bundled sustenance things, hot and cold sandwiches, and drinkware including mugs and tumblers; select “Starbucks Evenings” areas offer brew, wine, and tidbits. Starbucks-brand espresso, frozen yogurt, and packaged cold espresso drinks are additionally sold at markets.
Starbucks first ended up productive in Seattle in the mid 1980s. Notwithstanding an underlying monetary downturn with its venture into the Midwest and British Columbia in the late 1980s, the organization experienced rejuvenated success with its entrance into California in the mid 1990s. The first Starbucks area outside North America opened in Tokyo in 1996; abroad properties currently establish very nearly 33% of its stores. The organization opened a normal of two new areas day by day somewhere in the range of 1987 and 2007.
On December 1, 2016, Howard Schultz declared he would leave as CEO compelling April 2017 and would be supplanted by Kevin Johnson. Johnson expected the job of CEO on April 3, 2017, and Howard Schultz resigned to wind up Chairman Emeritus viable June 26, 2018.
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The first Starbucks opened in Seattle, Washington, on March 31, 1971, by three accomplices who met while they were understudies at the University of San Francisco: English instructor Jerry Baldwin, history educator Zev Siegl, and essayist Gordon Bowker were enlivened to sell great espresso beans and hardware by espresso cooking business person Alfred Peet after he showed them his style of broiling beans. Bowker reviews that Terry Heckler, with whom Bowker claimed a promoting office, thought words starting with “st” were incredible. The organizers conceptualized a rundown of words starting with “st”, and in the end arrived on “Starbo”, a mining town in the Cascade Range. From that point, the gathering recalled “Starbuck,” the name of the main mate in the book Moby-Dick.  Bowker stated, “Moby-Dick didn’t have anything to do with Starbucks straightforwardly; it was just unintentional that the sound appeared to bode well.”
The first Starbucks store was situated in Seattle at 2000 Western Avenue from 1971– 1976. This bistro was later moved to 1912 Pike Place. Amid this time, the organization just sold broiled entire espresso beans and did not yet blend espresso to sell. Amid their first year of activity, they acquired green espresso beans from Peet’s, at that point started purchasing specifically from producers
Starbucks Deal and development
In 1984, the first proprietors of Starbucks, driven by Jerry Baldwin, obtained Peet’s. Amid the 1980s, absolute offers of espresso in the US were falling, yet offers of claim to fame espresso expanded, shaping 10% of the market in 1989, contrasted and 3% in 1983. By 1986, the organization worked six stores in Seattle and had just barely started to sell coffee espresso.
In 1987, the first proprietors sold the Starbucks chain to previous chief Howard Schultz, who rebranded his Il Giornale espresso outlets as Starbucks and rapidly extended. Around the same time, Starbucks opened its first areas outside Seattle at Waterfront Station in Vancouver, British Columbia, and Chicago, Illinois. By 1989, 46 stores existed over the Northwest and Midwest, and yearly Starbucks was simmering more than 2,000,000 pounds (907,185 kg) of espresso.
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At the season of its first sale of stock (IPO) on the financial exchange in June 1992, Starbucks had 140 outlets, with an income of US$73.5 million, up from US$1.3 million of every 1987. The organization’s reasonable worth was US$271 million at this point. The 12% part of the organization that was sold raised around US$25 million for the organization, which encouraged a multiplying of the quantity of stores throughout the following two years. By September 1992, Starbucks’ offer cost had ascended by 70% to more than multiple times the income per offer of the earlier year.
In July 2013, over 10% of in-store buys were made on client’s cell phones utilizing the Starbucks application. The organization indeed used the versatile stage when it propelled the “Tweet-a-Coffee” advancement in October 2013. On this event, the advancement additionally included Twitter and clients had the capacity to buy a US$5 gift voucher for a companion by entering both “@tweetacoffee” and the companion’s handle in a tweet. Research firm Keyhole observed the advancement of the battle and a December 6, 2013, media article detailed that the firm had discovered that 27,000 individuals had taken an interest and US$180,000 of buys were made to date. Starting at 2018, Starbucks is positioned 132nd on the Fortune 500 rundown of the biggest United States organizations by income.